JFC Library theme for January 2017 is:
“Origami and New Year”
Origami is a two-syllable word; “ori” which means “to fold” and “gami (originally “kami”)” which means “paper”. Origami is the art of paper-folding. There are many types of “origami”. Some of them are:
- Fukugo Origami:
In this type of origami, many papers of different shapes and colors are folded differently to form one big model. The “hakama” and the “samurai costume” are two of the models which can be made with fukugo origami. Glue or string can be used to connect the parts together.
- Unit Origami:
Many papers (which could differ in color and size) are folded similarly and then used to form the final model. This type of origami is used by artists to make multi-faceted models such as 3D balls, etc. Glue or string is used when connecting the pieces together.
- Kiri-komi Origami:
In this type, paper is cut to facilitate the folding of complex models.
*Japanese people use origami in a variety of ways, such as decorating their homes or workplaces, making paper boxes for storage or wrapping gifts, etc.
There are many symbols in the Japanese culture connected with the New Year which can be made with origami. For example, the “kado-matsu”. It is a symbol places in front of homes or temples, usually made of pine wood or bamboo. It is a symbol believed to bring about a plentiful harvest and the blessings of the ancestors.
Japanese people also decorate their homes with “kagami-mochi”. Kagami means mirror, and mochi are the Japanese rice cakes. Kagami-mochi are made of two layers of mochi (with the lower one slightly larger than the one above) and a “daidai” (bitter Japanese oranges) is placed above them with a tree leaf on top. There are many opinions about the meaning of kagami-mochi; some say it reflects the passing years and the coming ones, or the inner heart of a person, or the forces of yin and yang, or the sun and the moon.
*We will be displaying books about different origami types and origami dictionaries for each season with illustrations of the way of folding. We will be also displaying some origami samples of the different types including the traditional Japanese New Year’s decoration (Kadomatsu & Kagami Mochi). An origami paper collection of variant paper patterns, designs and sizes will be displayed and available for the visitors to check, touch and so on.
Origami in Egypt:
Origami art is widespread in Egypt. The links below are some Facebook pages for the Egyptian origami artists and organizations. You can check those pages which include samples for their works and activities.